Implementation of an internet-based asthma patient education program in primary care: results of a single-arm trial

Christina Kellerer, Konrad Schultz, Klaus Linde, Benedikt Kohler, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Antonius Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Asthma education programs (AEPs) for patients are known to be important to provide skills to effectively manage the disease. We developed an electronic AEP (eAEP) and assessed the extent to which patients with asthma in primary care are capable to use the eAEP and whether asthma knowledge improved after eAEP. Methods: A single-arm pilot study was performed between November 2019 and December 2020 in 12 general practices in Upper Bavaria, Germany. Asthma knowledge was assessed by the Asthma Knowledge Test (AKT) at baseline, 2 weeks after completion of the eAEP, as well as after 3 and 6 months. AKT sum scores at baseline and follow-up were compared with each other using the Wilcoxon test. Results: In total, 72 patients with asthma were included, of whom all participated in the 2-week follow-up, while data on the 3- and 6-month follow-up was available in 62 and 51 patients, respectively. The eAEP was well accepted and positively evaluated by participants. The mean AKT score significantly (p <.001) increased from 22.8 ± 11.0 at baseline to 44.6 ± 8.3 two weeks after completion of the eAEP. After 3 months, the mean score was still 41.8 ± 7.6, and after 6 months it was 40.2 ± 9.3 (p <.001 each compared to baseline). Conclusions: The internet-based asthma education program was well accepted by primary care patients and resulted in a major increase of asthma knowledge. Thus, it has the potential to be an important adjunct in the treatment of patients with asthma in general practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-202
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Asthma
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • digital intervention
  • internet-based intervention
  • patient education
  • primary care
  • self-management

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