Impact of Pathological Fractures on the Prognosis of Primary Malignant Bone Sarcoma in Children and Adults: A Single-Center Retrospective Study of 205 Patients

Miriam Schlegel, Martina Zeumer, Peter Michael Prodinger, Klaus Woertler, Marc Steinborn, Rüdiger Von Eisenhart-Rothe, Stefan Burdach, Hans Rechl, Irene Von Luettichau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether pathological fractures (PF) influence the prognosis of patients with osteosarcoma (OS) or Ewing tumor (ET) regarding 5-year survival, occurrence of metastases, and local recurrence. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 205 patients with metastatic and nonmetastatic OS or ET. Survival analysis was performed for all patients and differentiated for patients with OS (n = 127) and ET (n = 78) as well as for adults (n = 101) and children (n = 104). Results: Patients with PF showed survival rates of 64% compared to 83% for those without PF (p = 0.023). Local recurrence occurred in 7% of the patients without and in 24% of those with PF (p = 0.023). In patients with ET and in children, survival analysis showed no significant difference between patients with and without PF in survival and local recurrence rates. In patients with OS, survival rate decreased from 83 to 59% (p = 0.024) and local recurrence rate increased from 13 to 30% (p = 0.042). In adults, survival rate decreased from 78 to 51% (p = 0.004) and local recurrence rate increased from 13 to 42% (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, age and PF were associated with inferior survival. Conclusion: This study suggests that the occurrence of PF has a negative impact on survival and implicates an increased risk of local recurrence. In children and in patients with ET, PF did not have a prognostic impact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-362
Number of pages9
JournalOncology
Volume94
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ewing tumor
  • Local recurrence
  • Metastases
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Pathological fracture
  • Survival

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