Impact of molecular structure and composition of polycarboxylate comb polymers on the flow properties of alkali-activated slag

T. Conte, J. Plank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study is giving new insights on the behavior of polycarboxylate ether (PCE) polymers in alkali-activated slag (AAS). Two systems have been considered: sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) activated slag. A broad range of MPEG (methacrylate), APEG (allyl ether) and IPEG (isoprenol ether) based PCEs exhibiting different molecular structures have been synthesized and tested. First, solubility of the PCE polymers was measured in both alkaline systems. The influence of PCE molecular parameters (side chain length, charge density, chemical composition) was elucidated. Furthermore, impact of the PCEs on the paste rheology was probed via mini-slump experiments. It was found that sufficient solubility of the PCE polymer presents the key property to achieve fluidity. In the NaOH activated system, an allylether maleic anhydride-based PCE possessing short side chain and high solubility produced excellent dispersion. Unfortunately, no PCE polymers which were soluble and efficient in the Na2CO3 activated system were found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-101
Number of pages7
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume116
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Alkali-activated slag
  • Polycarboxylate
  • Polymer
  • Solubility

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