Immunotherapy of recurrent B-cell malignancies after allo-SCT with Bi20 (FBTA05), a trifunctional anti-CD3 × anti-CD20 antibody and donor lymphocyte infusion

R. Buhmann, B. Simoes, M. Stanglmaier, T. Yang, M. Faltin, D. Bund, H. Lindhofer, H. J. Kolb

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44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) after allo-SCT displayed limited use in CLL and highly malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Here we studied whether Bi20 (FBTA05), a novel trifunctional bispecific antibody targeting CD20 on lymphoma cells and CD3 on T cells, could induce GVL responses in combination with DLI or mobilized PBSCT after allogeneic transplantation in these diseases. Six patients (three cases with p53-mutated CLL and three with high-grade NHL (HG-NHL)) refractory to standard therapy were treated with escalating doses of Bi20 (range 10-2000 μg) followed by DLI or SCT. Thereby, all CLL patients showed a prompt but transient clinical and hematological response. In one patient with HG-NHL, we observed a halt in progression for almost 4 months. Side effects (fever, chills and bone pain) were tolerable and appeared at antibody dose levels between 40 and 200 μg. The cytokine profile was characterized by transient increases of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10. Neither human anti-mouse antibodies nor GVHD developed, allowing repeated treatment courses. In summary, the trifunctional antibody Bi20 induced prompt antitumor responses in extensively pretreated, p53-mutated alemtuzumab and rituximab refractory patients indicating its therapeutic potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-397
Number of pages15
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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