IL-4 enhances IL-10 gene expression in murine Th2 cells in the absence of TCR engagement

C. B. Schmidt-Weber, S. I. Alexander, L. E. Henault, L. James, Andrew H. Lichtman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Both IL-4 and IL-10 are regulatory cytokines produced by Th2 cells that can down-regulate cell-mediated immune responses. The studies reported here examine the influence of various cytokines in the regulation of T cell IL-10 production. The results indicate that IL-10 gene expression by TCR transgenic Th2 cells is significantly up-regulated by IL-4 in the absence of TCR signals. IL-4 enhances both IL-10 mRNA levels and secreted protein, and this effect is not related to enhanced mRNA stability. TCR-mediated IL-10 gene expression is inhibited by cyclosporin A, but IL-4-mediated IL-10 expression is not. IL-4 also enhances IL-13 mRNA levels, to a lesser extent than IL-10, but does not significantly effect the expression of other cytokine mRNAs. Furthermore, IL-4 does not significantly enhance IL-10 expression in Th1 cells. IL-2 also enhances effector cytokine production in the absence of TCR signals, but in a subset nonspecific manner, increasing both Th2 IL-4 mRNA and Th1 IFN-γ mRNA. These data suggest that Th2 IL-4 production may contribute to the down-regulation of immune responses by directly enhancing Th2 IL-10 production. In addition, the data clearly demonstrate that exogenous cytokines can significantly influence effector cytokine production by effector T cells without the requirement for TCR signals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-244
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'IL-4 enhances IL-10 gene expression in murine Th2 cells in the absence of TCR engagement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this