IL-17A production by renal γδ T cells promotes kidney injury in crescentic GN

Jan Eric Turner, Christian Krebs, Andre P. Tittel, Hans Joachim Paust, Catherine Meyer-Schwesinger, Sabrina B. Bennstein, Oliver M. Steinmetz, Immo Prinz, Tim Magnus, Thomas Korn, Rolf A.K. Stahl, Christian Kurts, Ulf Panzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


The Th17 immune response appears to contribute to the pathogenesis of human and experimental crescentic GN, but the cell types that produce IL-17A in the kidney, the mechanisms involved in its induction, and the IL-17A-mediated effector functions that promote renal tissue injury are incompletely understood. Here, using a murine model of crescentic GN, we found that CD4+ T cells, γδ T cells, and a population of CD3+CD4 -CD8-γδT cell receptor-NK1.1 - T cells all produce IL-17A in the kidney. A time course analysis identified γδ T cells as amajor source of IL-17A in the early phase of disease, before the first CD4+ Th17 cells arrived. The production of IL-17A by renal γδ T cells depended on IL-23p19 signaling and retinoic acid-related orphan receptor-γt but not on IL-1β or IL-6. In addition, depletion of dendritic cells, which produce IL-23 in the kidney, reduced IL-17A production by renal γδ T cells. Furthermore, the lack of IL-17A production in γδ T cells, as well as the absence of all γδ T cells, reduced neutrophil recruitment into the kidney and ameliorated renal injury. Taken together, these data suggest that γδ T cells produce IL-17A in the kidney, induced by IL-23, promoting neutrophil recruitment, and contributing to the immunopathogenesis of crescentic GN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1486-1495
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2012


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