Identifying emotions in opera singing: Implications of adverse acoustic conditions

Emilia Parada-Cabaleiro, Maximilian Schmitt, Anton Batliner, Simone Hantke, Giovanni Costantini, Klaus Scherer, Björn W. Schuller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The expression of emotion is an inherent aspect in singing, especially in operatic voice. Yet, adverse acoustic conditions, as, e. g., a performance in open-air, or a noisy analog recording, may affect its perception. State-of-the art methods for emotional speech evaluation have been applied to operatic voice, such as perception experiments, acoustic analyses, and machine learning techniques. Still, the extent to which adverse acoustic conditions may impair listeners’ and machines’ identification of emotion in vocal cues has only been investigated in the realm of speech. For our study, 132 listeners evaluated 390 nonsense operatic sung instances of five basic emotions, affected by three noises (brown, pink, and white), each at four Signal-to-Noise Ratios (-1 dB, -0.5 dB, +1 dB, and +3 dB); the performance of state-of-the-art automatic recognition methods was evaluated as well. Our findings show that the three noises affect similarly female and male singers and that listeners’ gender did not play a role. Human perception and automatic classification display similar confusion and recognition patterns: sadness is identified best, fear worst; low aroused emotions display higher confusion.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference, ISMIR 2018
EditorsEmilia Gomez, Xiao Hu, Eric Humphrey, Emmanouil Benetos
PublisherInternational Society for Music Information Retrieval
Pages376-382
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9782954035123
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event19th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference, ISMIR 2018 - Paris, France
Duration: 23 Sep 201827 Sep 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 19th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference, ISMIR 2018

Conference

Conference19th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference, ISMIR 2018
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityParis
Period23/09/1827/09/18

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