I - Experimental investigation of transverse spin asymmetries in μ-p SIDIS processes: Collins asymmetries

C. Adolph, M. G. Alekseev, V. Yu Alexakhin, Yu Alexandrov, G. D. Alexeev, A. Amoroso, A. A. Antonov, A. Austregesilo, B. Badełek, F. Balestra, J. Barth, G. Baum, Y. Bedfer, J. Bernhard, R. Bertini, M. Bettinelli, K. Bicker, J. Bieling, R. Birsa, J. BisplinghoffP. Bordalo, F. Bradamante, C. Braun, A. Bravar, A. Bressan, M. Büchele, E. Burtin, L. Capozza, M. Chiosso, S. U. Chung, A. Cicuttin, M. L. Crespo, S. Dalla Torre, S. Das, S. S. Dasgupta, S. Dasgupta, O. Yu Denisov, L. Dhara, S. V. Donskov, N. Doshita, V. Duic, W. Dünnweber, M. Dziewiecki, A. Efremov, C. Elia, P. D. Eversheim, W. Eyrich, M. Faessler, A. Ferrero, A. Filin, M. Finger, M. Finger, H. Fischer, C. Franco, N. du Fresne von Hohenesche, J. M. Friedrich, V. Frolov, R. Garfagnini, F. Gautheron, O. P. Gavrichtchouk, S. Gerassimov, R. Geyer, M. Giorgi, I. Gnesi, B. Gobbo, S. Goertz, S. Grabmüller, A. Grasso, B. Grube, R. Gushterski, A. Guskov, T. Guthörl, F. Haas, D. von Harrach, F. H. Heinsius, F. Herrmann, C. Heß, F. Hinterberger, N. Horikawa, Ch Höppner, N. d'Hose, S. Huber, S. Ishimoto, O. Ivanov, Yu Ivanshin, T. Iwata, R. Jahn, V. Jary, P. Jasinski, R. Joosten, E. Kabuß, D. Kang, B. Ketzer, G. V. Khaustov, Yu A. Khokhlov, Yu Kisselev, F. Klein, K. Klimaszewski, S. Koblitz, J. H. Koivuniemi, V. N. Kolosov, K. Kondo, K. Königsmann, I. Konorov, V. F. Konstantinov, A. Korzenev, A. M. Kotzinian, O. Kouznetsov, M. Krämer, Z. V. Kroumchtein, F. Kunne, K. Kurek, L. Lauser, A. A. Lednev, A. Lehmann, S. Levorato, J. Lichtenstadt, T. Liska, A. Maggiora, A. Magnon, N. Makke, G. K. Mallot, A. Mann, C. Marchand, A. Martin, J. Marzec, T. Matsuda, G. Meshcheryakov, W. Meyer, T. Michigami, Yu V. Mikhailov, A. Morreale, A. Mutter, A. Nagaytsev, T. Nagel, T. Negrini, F. Nerling, S. Neubert, D. Neyret, V. I. Nikolaenko, W. D. Nowak, A. S. Nunes, A. G. Olshevsky, M. Ostrick, A. Padee, R. Panknin, D. Panzieri, B. Parsamyan, S. Paul, E. Perevalova, G. Pesaro, D. V. Peshekhonov, G. Piragino, S. Platchkov, J. Pochodzalla, J. Polak, V. A. Polyakov, J. Pretz, M. Quaresma, C. Quintans, J. F. Rajotte, S. Ramos, V. Rapatsky, G. Reicherz, A. Richter, E. Rocco, E. Rondio, N. S. Rossiyskaya, D. I. Ryabchikov, V. D. Samoylenko, A. Sandacz, M. G. Sapozhnikov, S. Sarkar, I. A. Savin, G. Sbrizzai, P. Schiavon, C. Schill, T. Schlüter, K. Schmidt, L. Schmitt, K. Schönning, S. Schopferer, M. Schott, W. Schröder, O. Yu Shevchenko, L. Silva, L. Sinha, A. N. Sissakian, M. Slunecka, G. I. Smirnov, S. Sosio, F. Sozzi, A. Srnka, L. Steiger, M. Stolarski, M. Sulc, R. Sulej, H. Suzuki, P. Sznajder, S. Takekawa, J. Ter Wolbeek, S. Tessaro, F. Tessarotto, L. G. Tkatchev, S. Uhl, I. Uman, M. Vandenbroucke, M. Virius, N. V. Vlassov, L. Wang, M. Wilfert, R. Windmolders, W. Wiślicki, H. Wollny, K. Zaremba, M. Zavertyaev, E. Zemlyanichkina, M. Ziembicki, N. Zhuravlev, A. Zvyagin

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Abstract

The COMPASS Collaboration at CERN has measured the transverse spin azimuthal asymmetry of charged hadrons produced in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering using a 160 GeV μ + beam and a transversely polarised NH 3 target. The Collins asymmetry of the proton was extracted in the Bjorken x range 0.003<x<0.7. These new precise measurements confirm previous measurements from the COMPASS and HERMES Collaborations, which exhibit a definite effect in the valence quark region. The asymmetries for negative and positive hadrons are similar in magnitude and opposite in sign. They are compatible with model calculations in which the u-quark transversity is opposite in sign and somewhat larger than the d-quark transversity distribution function. The asymmetry is extracted as a function of Bjorken x, the relative hadron energy z and the hadron transverse momentum pTh. The high statistics and quality of the data also allow for more detailed investigations of the dependence on the kinematic variables. These studies confirm the leading-twist nature of the Collins asymmetry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-382
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume717
Issue number4-5
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Oct 2012

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