Hybrid systems with lead-acid battery and proton-exchange membrane fuel cell

Andreas Jossen, Juergen Garche, Harry Doering, Markus Goetz, Werner Knaupp, Ludwig Joerissen

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Hybrid systems, based on a lead-acid battery and a proton-exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) give the possibility to combine the advantages of both technologies. The benefits for different applications are discussed and the practical realisation of such systems is shown. Furthermore a numerical model for such a hybrid system is described and results are shown and discussed. The results show that the combination of lead-acid batteries and PEMFC shows advantages in case of applications with high peak power requirements (i.e. electric scooter) and applications where the fuel cell is used as auxiliary power supply to recharge the battery. The high efficiency of fuel cells at partial load operation results in a good fuel economy for recharging of lead-acid batteries with a fuel cell system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-401
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes
EventSelected Papers from the Ninth European Lead Battery Conference -
Duration: 21 Sep 200424 Sep 2004


  • Hybrid system
  • Lead-acid battery
  • Modeling


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