Human models

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In order to adapt the "hard" technical tool car to the "soft" characteristics of man, models about human behavior and characteristics are necessary, which make an objectification of the degree of adaptation possible. With today's methods and means of computer technology, a large part of both the cognitive and anthropometric properties of humans can be modelled and simulated in computers. With the cognitive human models a distinction can be made between control engineering models, which describe the dynamic interaction between driver and vehicle, and cognitive models in the narrower sense, which also reflect behaviour in more complex traffic situations. Today, anthropometric human models have become very important for the design of vehicles. Starting from the still used drawing templates, a multitude of digital human models are available, which on the one hand represent purely geometric properties of humans, but on the other hand also model biomechanical properties. The models used today in automotive development are described in terms of their properties and capabilities. The future of human modeling is characterized by the integration of cognitive, biomechanical and anthropometric models.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAutomotive Ergonomics
PublisherSpringer Fachmedien Wiesbaden
Number of pages38
ISBN (Electronic)9783658339418
ISBN (Print)9783658339401
StatePublished - 19 Oct 2021


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