How Will the driver sit in an automated vehicle? – The qualitative and quantitative descriptions of non-driving postures (NDPs) when non-driving-related-tasks (NDRTs) are conducted

Yucheng Yang, Jan Niklas Klinkner, Klaus Bengler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Highly-automated driving (HAD) is currently one of the most discussed innovative topics and likely to become a series product within the next few decades [1]. From the level-3 automation (SAE) on, the driver does not have to constantly monitor the vehicle while driving [2], this enables the driver to carry out different activities and be out of the control loop. By conducting the non-driving related tasks (NDRT) like eating, texting, talking, relaxing and so on [3], the driver may take other sitting positions – defined as ‘non-driving postures (NDPs)’ – rather than the driving position. In this work, an online survey (n = 122) and an experiment (n = 16) were conducted, which found out that there are 13 activities which would be conducted by significantly (α = 0.05) more drivers in HAD, compared with the manual driving. Four basic NDPs are mapped (many-to-many) to the NDRTs. In the experiment, 10 NDPs of each participant are measured, where the descriptive statistics of torso, thigh and knee angles offer a quantitative description of NDPs. Based on the results, 30 new requirements for the interior of automated vehicles are derived.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume VI
Subtitle of host publicationTransport Ergonomics and Human Factors TEHF, Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics
EditorsYushi Fujita, Sebastiano Bagnara, Riccardo Tartaglia, Sara Albolino, Thomas Alexander
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages409-420
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9783319960739
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Event20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, IEA 2018 - Florence, Italy
Duration: 26 Aug 201830 Aug 2018

Publication series

NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
Volume823
ISSN (Print)2194-5357

Conference

Conference20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, IEA 2018
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityFlorence
Period26/08/1830/08/18

Keywords

  • Automated vehicle
  • Interior requirement
  • Non-driving posture
  • Non-driving related task

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