How should I treat dislocation of a TAVI SAPIEN prosthesis into the left ventricle?

Klaus Tiroch, Heinrich Schleiting, Nikos Karpettas, Edgar Schmitz, Herbert O. Vetter, Melchior Seyfarth, Marc Vorpahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Despite the technical advancements of the transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedure, valve embolisation into the left ventricle remains a challenging situation requiring expedited management through the Heart Team. INVESTIGATION: The advantages and pitfalls of an interventional transfemoral approach, a transapical extraction of the dislocated prosthesis or the conversion to open heart surgery have to be balanced depending on the overall situation and the specific characteristics of the patient. DIAGNOSIS: A transfemoral approach would be the first choice for most TAVI implanters. We discuss the different options and present an elegant solution solving this challenging situation, leading to a good immediate and longterm outcome. MANAGEMENT: Attempts at pulling the prosthesis out of the ventricle using a balloon remained unsuccessful. After grasping of the prosthesis with a goose-neck snare, the valve was pulled into the annulus. A second SAPIEN XT prosthesis was implanted and fixed the first prosthesis within the annulus. After post-dilatation, there was a good result without relevant gradient and minimal aortic regurgitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1370-1372
Number of pages3
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Aortic stenosis
  • Bail-out
  • Percutaneous valve
  • Retrieval


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