Homologous and heterologous desensitization of guanylyl cyclase-B signaling in GH3 somatolactotropes

Iain R. Thompson, Samantha M. Mirczuk, Lorna Smith, Andrew J. Lessey, Bigboy Simbi, Andrew Sunters, Gary F. Baxter, Victoria J. Lipscomb, Imelda M. McGonnell, Caroline P. Wheeler-Jones, Abir Mukherjee, Mark S. Roberson, Craig A. McArdle, Robert C. Fowkes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The guanylyl cyclases, GC-A and GC-B, are selective receptors for atrial and C-type natriuretic peptides (ANP and CNP, respectively). In the anterior pituitary, CNP and GC-B are major regulators of cGMP production in gonadotropes and yet mouse models of disrupted CNP and GC-B indicate a potential role in growth hormone secretion. In the current study, we investigate the molecular and pharmacological properties of the CNP/GC-B system in somatotrope lineage cells. Primary rat pituitary and GH3 somatolactotropes expressed functional GC-A and GC-B receptors that had similar EC50 properties in terms of cGMP production. Interestingly, GC-B signaling underwent rapid homologous desensitization in a protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A)-dependent manner. Chronic exposure to either CNP or ANP caused a significant down-regulation of both GC-A- and GC-B-dependent cGMP accumulation in a ligand-specific manner. However, this down-regulation was not accompanied by alterations in the sub-cellular localization of these receptors. Heterologous desensitization of GC-B signaling occurred in GH3 cells following exposure to either sphingosine-1-phosphate or thyrotrophin-releasing hormone (TRH). This heterologous desensitization was protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent, as pre-treatment with GF109203X prevented the effect of TRH on CNP/GC-B signaling. Collectively, these data indicate common and distinct properties of particulate guanylyl cyclase receptors in somatotropes and reveal that independent mechanisms of homologous and heterologous desensitization occur involving either PP2A or PKC. Guanylyl cyclase receptors thus represent potential novel therapeutic targets for treating growth-hormone-associated disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-436
Number of pages12
JournalCell and Tissue Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • cGMP signaling
  • Guanylyl cyclases
  • Natriuretic peptides
  • Protein kinase C
  • Protein phosphatase


Dive into the research topics of 'Homologous and heterologous desensitization of guanylyl cyclase-B signaling in GH3 somatolactotropes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this