Histochemical Analysis of Anthocyanins, Carotenoids, and Flavan-3-ols/Proanthocyanidins in Prunus domestica L. Fruits during Ripening

Sofia Vio-Michaelis, Walter Feucht, Miguel Gómez, Johannes Hadersdorfer, Dieter Treutter, Wilfried Schwab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

As a result of the high variability of fruit properties in the European plum Prunus domestica, a histochemical analysis of fruits at different stages of development was performed to understand the ripening process in cv. 'Colora' (yellow-red skinned) and cv. 'Topfive' (purple skinned). Histological analysis showed that carotenoids in the fruit had two different origins. In the fruit flesh, they derived from chloroplasts that turned into chromoplasts, whereas carotenoids in the fruit skin derived probably from proplastids. Flavan-3-ols and proanthocyanidins showed differential localization during ripening. They were visible in the vacuole in different fruit tissues or organized in tannosomes in the fruit flesh. Tanninoplasts were observed only in hypodermal cells of 'Colora'. Toward maturity, anthocyanins were detected in the epidermis and later in the hypodermis of both cultivars. The study forms a basis for the analysis of the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites in European plums and their biological effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2880-2890
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of agricultural and food chemistry
Volume68
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Prunus domestica
  • anthocyanins
  • flavan-3-ols
  • tanninoplast
  • tannosome

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