Highly dynamic chalcogen chains in silver(I) (Poly)chalcogenide halides: A new concept for thermoelectrics?

T. Nilges, M. Bawohl, S. Lange, J. Messel, O. Osters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coinage-metal(I) polychalcogenide halides represent a new class of materials featuring high ion dynamics of different substructures capable of an effective phonon scattering process in the solid state. The interplay of mobile coinage-metal ions such as Ag + or Cu + on the one hand and the temperature-driven redox reaction of a linear, partially covalent-bonded Te chain on the other hand is responsible for tremendous variations in the electronic structure of such materials. A huge drop of the Seebeck coefficient within a very small temperature range and an extremely low thermal conductivity are the key properties of Ag 10Te 4Br 3, the first representative of this substance class. Two different sets of compounds with the general formula (CM) 10Q 4X 3 and (CM) 23Q 12X (CM = coinage metal Cu or Ag, Q = chalcogen, X = halogen) have been found, and recent experiments point toward the existence of formerly unknown copper(I) (poly)chalcogenide halides and two more silver(I) (poly)chalcogenide halides in this field. A comparable linear Te chain is present in a number of different compounds such as some alkaline-earth polychalcogenides M 5Te 3, the mineral stuetzite Ag 4.5Te 3, and the closely related compounds Ag 11AsTe 7 and Ag 12Te 6S. In most cases the thermoelectric potential of these materials has not been verified. A topological approach for the description of the structural features has been developed to understand the electronic properties of these complex materials in detail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2096-2104
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Volume39
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Redox switches
  • chalcogen chains
  • effective phonon scattering
  • ion dynamics
  • polychalcogenide halides
  • structure topology

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