Higher frequencies of HLA DQB1*05:01 and anti-glycosphingolipid antibodies in a cluster of severe Guillain–Barré syndrome

L. Schirmer, V. Worthington, U. Solloch, V. Loleit, V. Grummel, N. Lakdawala, D. Grant, R. Wassmuth, A. H. Schmidt, F. Gebhardt, T. F.M. Andlauer, J. Sauter, A. Berthele, M. P. Lunn, Bernhard Hemmer

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Few regional and seasonal Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) clusters have been reported so far. It is unknown whether patients suffering from sporadic GBS differ from GBS clusters with respect to clinical and paraclinical parameters, HLA association and antibody response to glycosphingolipids and Campylobacter jejuni (Cj). We examined 40 consecutive patients with GBS from the greater Munich area in Germany with 14 of those admitted within a period of 3 months in fall 2010 defining a cluster of GBS. Sequencing-based HLA typing of the HLA genes DRB1, DQB1, and DPB1 was performed, and ELISA for anti-glycosphingolipid antibodies was carried out. Clinical and paraclinical findings (Cj seroreactivity, cerebrospinal fluid parameters, and electrophysiology) were obtained and analyzed. GBS cluster patients were characterized by a more severe clinical phenotype with more patients requiring mechanical ventilation and higher frequencies of autoantibodies against sulfatide, GalC and certain ganglioside epitopes (54 %) as compared to sporadic GBS cases (13 %, p = 0.017). Cj seropositivity tended to be higher within GBS cluster patients (69 %) as compared to sporadic cases (46 %, p = 0.155). We noted higher frequencies of HLA class II allele DQB1*05:01 in the cluster cohort (23 %) as compared to sporadic GBS patients (3 %, p = 0.019). Cluster of severe GBS was defined by higher frequencies of autoantibodies against glycosphingolipids. HLA class II allele DQB1*05:01 might contribute to clinical worsening in the cluster patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2105-2113
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurology
Volume263
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autoantibodies
  • Campylobacter jejuni
  • Glycosphingolipids
  • Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS)
  • HLA class II alleles

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