High predictive value of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibody levels in HIV-infected patients for diagnosis of cerebral toxoplasmosis

C. Hellerbrand, F. D. Goebel, R. Disko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The results of serological tests for Toxoplasma gondii IgG in 31 HIV-infected patients with toxoplasmic encephalitis (TE) and 49 HIV-infected patients seropositive for Toxoplasma gondii but without TE were compared. All patients had a CD4+ lymphocyte count < 150/μl. Of the TE patients, 22 (71%) were designated as having relatively high IgG levels on the basis of the following Toxoplasma IgG titre combination: Sabin-Feldman test ≤ 1:256, indirect hemagglutination test ≤ 1:1024, direct agglutination test ≤ 1:14,580. Only 3 patients without TE had relatively high IgG titres. Relatively high IgG titres indicated TE with a positive predictive value of 88% in HIV-infected patients with CD4+ cell counts < 150/μl, and could be observed in most patients several months prior to the first clinical and radiological signs of TE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-872
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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