High hydrostatic pressure-induced cell death in human chondrocytes and chondrosarcoma cells

Florian-Dominiquenaal, Karin Mengele, Johannes Schauwecker, Hans Gollwitzer, Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Ute Reuning, Wolfram Mittelmeier, Reiner Gradinger, Manfred Schmitt, Peter Diehl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: In orthopedic surgery, sterilization of bone used for reconstruction of osteoarticular defects caused by malignant tumors is carried out in different ways. At present, to devitalize tumor-bearing osteochondral segments, extracorporal irradiation or autoclaving is mainly used, although both methods have substantial disadvantages, e.g. loss of biomechanical and/or biological integrity of the bone and destabilization of the articular surface. In this regard, high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment of bone is a new, advancing technology, now being used in preclinical testing to inactivate tumor cells. To find out if this technique is also suited for extracorporal inactivation of chondrocytes and chondral tumor cells, the effect of HHP on cell viability and morphology of human chondrocytes / chondrosarcoma cells was investigated in the present study. Materials and Methods: SW1353 chondrosarcoma cells and chondrocytes were subjected to HHP in the range of 50 to 350 MPa (10 min, 37°C) and, subsequently, cell viability and cell morphology assessed. Results: After exposure at 350 MPa, all HHP-treated chondral cells showed explicit morphological changes, evident by membrane ruffling and bleb formation; chondrosarcoma cells treated this way were irreversibly damaged and not alive. Conclusion: We anticipate that, in orthopedic surgery, HHP eventually can serve as a novel, promising technical approach for cell inactivation (including tumor cells) and allow subsequent reimplantation of the osteoarticular autograft.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1977-1982
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume25
Issue number3 B
StatePublished - May 2005

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Chondrocytes
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • High hydrostatic pressure
  • Orthopedic surgery
  • Tumor cells

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