Heart rate influence on the qt variability risk factors

Irena Andršová, Katerina Hnatkova, Martina Šišáková, Ondřej Toman, Peter Smetana, Katharina M. Huster, Petra Barthel, Tomáš Novotný, Georg Schmidt, Marek Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


QT interval variability, mostly expressed by QT variability index (QTVi), has repeatedly been used in risk diagnostics. Physiologic correlates of QT variability expressions have been little researched especially when measured in short 10-second electrocardiograms (ECGs). This study investigated different QT variability indices, including QTVi and the standard deviation of QT interval durations (SDQT) in 657,287 10-second ECGs recorded in 523 healthy subjects (259 females). The indices were related to the underlying heart rate and to the 10-second standard deviation of RR intervals (SDRR). The analyses showed that both QTVi and SDQT (as well as other QT variability indices) were highly statistically significantly (p < 0.00001) influenced by heart rate and that QTVi showed poor intra-subject reproducibility (coefficient of variance approaching 200%). Furthermore, sequential analysis of regression variance showed that SDQT was more strongly related to the underlying heart rate than to SDRR, and that QTVi was influenced by the underlying heart rate and SDRR more strongly than by SDQT (p < 0.00001 for these comparisons of regression dependency). The study concludes that instead of QTVi, simpler expressions of QT interval variability, such as SDQT, appear preferable for future applications especially if multivariable combination with the underlying heart rate is used.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1096
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • QT variability
  • QT variability index
  • RR variability
  • Sequential analysis of regression variance
  • Underlying heart rate


Dive into the research topics of 'Heart rate influence on the qt variability risk factors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this