Gut microbiota-motility interregulation: insights from in vivo, ex vivo and in silico studies

Barbora Waclawiková, Agnese Codutti, Karen Alim, Sahar El Aidy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

The human gastrointestinal tract is home to trillions of microbes. Gut microbial communities have a significant regulatory role in the intestinal physiology, such as gut motility. Microbial effect on gut motility is often evoked by bioactive molecules from various sources, including microbial break down of carbohydrates, fibers or proteins. In turn, gut motility regulates the colonization within the microbial ecosystem. However, the underlying mechanisms of such regulation remain obscure. Deciphering the inter-regulatory mechanisms of the microbiota and bowel function is crucial for the prevention and treatment of gut dysmotility, a comorbidity associated with many diseases. In this review, we present an overview of the current knowledge on the impact of gut microbiota and its products on bowel motility. We discuss the currently available techniques employed to assess the changes in the intestinal motility. Further, we highlight the open challenges, and incorporate biophysical elements of microbes-motility interplay, in an attempt to lay the foundation for describing long-term impacts of microbial metabolite-induced changes in gut motility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1997296
JournalGut Microbes
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Microbiota
  • bacterial metabolites
  • computational modeling
  • gut motility

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