GrowliFlower: An image time-series dataset for GROWth analysis of cauLIFLOWER

Jana Kierdorf, Laura Verena Junker-Frohn, Mike Delaney, Mariele Donoso Olave, Andreas Burkart, Hannah Jaenicke, Onno Muller, Uwe Rascher, Ribana Roscher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


In this paper, we present GrowliFlower, a georeferenced, image-based unmanned aerial vehicle time-series dataset of two monitored cauliflower fields (0.39 and 0.60 ha) acquired in 2 years, 2020 and 2021. The proposed dataset contains RGB and multispectral orthophotos with coordinates of approximately 14,000 individual cauliflower plants. The coordinates enable the extraction of complete and incomplete time-series of image patches showing individual plants. The dataset contains the collected phenotypic traits of 740 plants, including the developmental stage and plant and cauliflower size. The harvestable product is completely covered by leaves, thus, plant IDs and coordinates are provided to extract image pairs of plants pre- and post-defoliation. In addition, to facilitate classification, detection, segmentation, instance segmentation, and other similar computer vision tasks, the proposed dataset contains pixel-accurate leaf and plant instance segmentations, as well as stem annotations. The proposed dataset was created to facilitate the development and evaluation of various machine-learning approaches. It focuses on the analysis of growth and development of cauliflower and the derivation of phenotypic traits to advance automation in agriculture. Two baseline results of instance segmentation tasks at the plant and leaf level based on labeled instance segmentation data are presented. The complete GrowliFlower dataset is publicly available (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-192
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Field Robotics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • UAV
  • agricultural plant dataset
  • crop development
  • crop growth
  • instance segmentation
  • machine learning
  • plant monitoring


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