Grid Influences from Reactive Power Flow of Photovoltaic Inverters with a Power Factor Specification of One

Andreas Spring, Georg Wirth, Gerd Becker, Robert Pardatscher, Rolf Witzmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper discusses the influence of unintended reactive power flow caused by photovoltaic (PV) inverter systems with a power factor specification of one on the grid voltage and grid loss. In theory, the apparent power feed-in of these PV systems should be equal to the active power feed-in. Observations in distribution grids have shown a reactive power flow caused by these systems. The main purpose is, if this influence has to be considered in grid planning and power system management in smart grids. Therefore, measurement data of several low voltage grids is used. Three different scenarios for the unintended reactive power are simulated. Under normal operating conditions, the unintended reactive power is not relevant. Nevertheless, if voltage or overload problems are not explainable, they can be a result of the unintended reactive power flow. This approach is very helpful for network operators to locate and understand the reasons for grid problems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7072554
Pages (from-to)1222-1229
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2016

Keywords

  • Distributed power generation
  • inverters
  • photovoltaic (PV) systems
  • power system measurements
  • power system reliability
  • reactive power
  • smart grids
  • solar power generation
  • voltage control

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