Gold(I) complexes of open-chain and cyclic di-secondary amines

José M. Löpez-de-Luzuriaga, Marcus Söldner, Annette Schier, Hubert Schmidbaur

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Treatment of N,N'-diisopropyl-ethylenediamine or 1,4-piperazine with two equivalents of [(Ph3P)Au]+ BF4- leads to binuclear complexes of the diamines: {[(Ph3P)Au]HN(iPrO)NCH2-}2 2+ 2 BF4- (1) and {[(Ph3P)Au]HNCH2CH2}22+ 2 BF4- (2), respectively. In the products each quaternary ammonium center bears one gold ligand, one hydrogen atom and two alkyl substituents. The crystal structures of both compounds have been determined. Compound 1 contains discrete ion-triples. The ethylene bridge in the dications is in an unfolded conformation, with a crystallographic center of inversion, and allows for weak hydrogen bonding N-H-F [2.085 Å; N-H-F 169.2°] between the NH functions and the counterions. The existing distant contacts F-Au [3.599 Å] are probably less significant for the aggregation of the ion triples, but will contribute through Coulomb forces. Compound 2 crystallizes with two solvent molecules CH2Cl2. The dication has a cryslallographic center of inversion with the piperazine ring in a chair conformation and the gold atoms in equatorial positions. There are hydrogen bonds N-H-F [2.076 and 2.457 Å] between the dication and the anions which lead to the formation of ion-triples, with further contacts between the BF4- anions and the solvent molecules [C-H-F 2.340 and 2.446 Å].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-213
Number of pages5
JournalZeitschrift fur Naturforschung - Section B Journal of Chemical Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Amine complexes
  • Ammonium complexes
  • Gold(I) coordination
  • Secondary amines


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