Gold and silver cations in the "procrustean bed" of the bis[2-(diphenylphosphino)phenyl]phenylphosphine ligand. Observations and conclusions †

Johann Zank, Annette Schier, Hubert Schmidbaur

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Abstract

Reaction of [Au(Me2S)Cl] or AgCl with equimolar quantities of bis[2-(diphenylphosphino)phenyl]phenylphosphine (TP) gave isomorphous crystalline 1:1 complexes with a greatly distorted tetrahedral environment for AuI and AgI. The large differences in the metal-to-phosphorus interactions are also obvious from the NMR parameters in solution. The complex [Au(TP)Cl] is converted into the tetrafluoroborate [Au2(TP)2][BF4]2 when treated with AgBF4. This ionic compound has a dinuclear dication with grossly different environments for the two gold atoms: one is trigonally planar three-co-ordinated with a short intramolecular Au⋯Au bond [2.8776(4) Å]. The second gold atom is five-co-ordinated with the other gold atom as an equatorial contact. By contrast, the dicationic part [Ag2(TP)2]2+ of the product obtained by reaction of TP with AgBF4 has equivalent silver atoms (related by a center of inversion) which are in a tetrahedral environment including a very short intramolecular Ag⋯Ag distance [2.8569(8) Å]. The temperature dependence of the NMR spectra of [M2(TP)2][BF4]2 (M = Au or Ag) reflects the fluxional behaviour of these highly strained units in solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-420
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Feb 1999
Externally publishedYes

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