Glyoxysomal and mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase of watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) cotyledons - I. Molecular properties of the purified isoenzymes

R. A. Walk, S. Michaeli, B. Hock

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27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Molecular properties of the glyoxysomal and mitochondrial isoenzyme of malate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.37; L-malate: NAD+ oxidoreductase) from watermelon cotyledons (Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.) were investigated, using completely purified enzyme preparations. The apparent molecular weights of the glyoxysomal and mitochondrial isoenzymes were found to be 67,000 and 74,000 respectively. Aggregation at high enzyme concentrations was observed with the glyoxysomal but not with the mitochondrial isoenzyme. Using sodium dodecyl sulfate electrophoresis each isoenzyme was found to be composed of two polypeptide chains of identical size (33,500 and 37,000, respectively). The isoenzymes differed in their isoelectric points (gMDH: 8,92, mMDH: 5.39), rate of heat inactivation (gMDH: τ1/2 at 40°C=3.0 min; mMDH: stable at 40°C; τ1/2 at 60°C=4.5 min), adsorption to dextran gels at low ionic strenght, stability against alkaline conditions and their pH optima for oxaloacetate reduction (gMDH: pH 6.6, mMDH: pH 7.5). Very similar pH optima, however, were observed for L-malate oxidation (pH 9.3-9.5). The results indicate that the glyoxysomal and mitochondrial MDH of watermelon cotyledons are distinct proteins of different structural composition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-220
Number of pages10
JournalPlanta
Volume136
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1977
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Citrullus
  • Enzyme subunits
  • Glyoxysomes
  • Isoenzymes
  • Malate dehydrogenase
  • Mitochondria

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