Global terrestrial reference systems and their realizations

Detlef Angermann, Manuela Seitz, Hermann Drewes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Geodetic reference systems are fundamental requisites for accurate and reliable geodetic results. Unambiguous reference systems are needed to refer the geodetic observations and estimated parameters to a unique global basis. Highly accurate, consistent and reliable realizations of the terrestrial reference systems are required for measuring and mapping the Earth's surface and its variations in time. These terrestrial reference frames are the basis for many practical applications, such as national and regional geodetic networks, engineering, precise navigation, geo-information systems, etc. as well as for scientific investigations in the Earth's system (e.g., tectonic plate motion, sea level change, seasonal and secular loading signals, atmosphere dynamics and Earth orientation excitation).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSciences of Geodesy - II
Subtitle of host publicationInnovations and Future Developments
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages36
ISBN (Electronic)9783642280009
ISBN (Print)3642279996, 9783642279997
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


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