Global Spore Sampling Project: A global, standardized dataset of airborne fungal DNA

Otso Ovaskainen, Nerea Abrego, Brendan Furneaux, Bess Hardwick, Panu Somervuo, Isabella Palorinne, Nigel R. Andrew, Ulyana V. Babiy, Tan Bao, Gisela Bazzano, Svetlana N. Bondarchuk, Timothy C. Bonebrake, Georgina L. Brennan, Syndonia Bret-Harte, Claus Bässler, Luciano Cagnolo, Erin K. Cameron, Elodie Chapurlat, Simon Creer, Luigi P. D’AcquiNatasha de Vere, Marie Laure Desprez-Loustau, Michel A.K. Dongmo, Ida B. Dyrholm Jacobsen, Brian L. Fisher, Miguel Flores de Jesus, Gregory S. Gilbert, Gareth W. Griffith, Anna A. Gritsuk, Andrin Gross, Håkan Grudd, Panu Halme, Rachid Hanna, Jannik Hansen, Lars Holst Hansen, Apollon D.M.T. Hegbe, Sarah Hill, Ian D. Hogg, Jenni Hultman, Kevin D. Hyde, Nicole A. Hynson, Natalia Ivanova, Petteri Karisto, Deirdre Kerdraon, Anastasia Knorre, Irmgard Krisai-Greilhuber, Juri Kurhinen, Masha Kuzmina, Nicolas Lecomte, Erin Lecomte, Viviana Loaiza, Erik Lundin, Alexander Meire, Armin Mešić, Otto Miettinen, Norman Monkhause, Peter Mortimer, Jörg Müller, R. Henrik Nilsson, Puani Yannick C. Nonti, Jenni Nordén, Björn Nordén, Claudia Paz, Petri Pellikka, Danilo Pereira, Geoff Petch, Juha Matti Pitkänen, Flavius Popa, Caitlin Potter, Jenna Purhonen, Sanna Pätsi, Abdullah Rafiq, Dimby Raharinjanahary, Niklas Rakos, Achala R. Rathnayaka, Katrine Raundrup, Yury A. Rebriev, Jouko Rikkinen, Hanna M.K. Rogers, Andrey Rogovsky, Yuri Rozhkov, Kadri Runnel, Annika Saarto, Anton Savchenko, Markus Schlegel, Niels Martin Schmidt, Sebastian Seibold, Carsten Skjøth, Elisa Stengel, Svetlana V. Sutyrina, Ilkka Syvänperä, Leho Tedersoo, Jebidiah Timm, Laura Tipton, Hirokazu Toju, Maria Uscka-Perzanowska, Michelle van der Bank, F. Herman van der Bank, Bryan Vandenbrink, Stefano Ventura, Solvi R. Vignisson, Xiaoyang Wang, Wolfgang W. Weisser, Subodini N. Wijesinghe, S. Joseph Wright, Chunyan Yang, Nourou S. Yorou, Amanda Young, Douglas W. Yu, Evgeny V. Zakharov, Paul D.N. Hebert, Tomas Roslin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Novel methods for sampling and characterizing biodiversity hold great promise for re-evaluating patterns of life across the planet. The sampling of airborne spores with a cyclone sampler, and the sequencing of their DNA, have been suggested as an efficient and well-calibrated tool for surveying fungal diversity across various environments. Here we present data originating from the Global Spore Sampling Project, comprising 2,768 samples collected during two years at 47 outdoor locations across the world. Each sample represents fungal DNA extracted from 24 m3 of air. We applied a conservative bioinformatics pipeline that filtered out sequences that did not show strong evidence of representing a fungal species. The pipeline yielded 27,954 species-level operational taxonomic units (OTUs). Each OTU is accompanied by a probabilistic taxonomic classification, validated through comparison with expert evaluations. To examine the potential of the data for ecological analyses, we partitioned the variation in species distributions into spatial and seasonal components, showing a strong effect of the annual mean temperature on community composition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number561
JournalScientific Data
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2024

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