Genotyping of groups of cows to improve genomic breeding values of new traits

Laura Plieschke, Christian Edel, Eduardo C.G. Pimentel, Reiner Emmerling, Jörn Bennewitz, Kay Uwe Götz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Genotyping females and including them into the reference set for genomic predictions in dairy cattle is considered to provide gains in reliabilities of estimated breeding values for selection candidates. This should especially be true for low heritability traits. By the use of simulation, we extended a genomic reference set for an existing trait by including a fixed number of genotyped first-crop daughters for one or two generations of reference sires. Moreover, we calculated results for the effects of a similar strategy in a situation where for a new trait the recording of phenotypes has recently started. For this case, we compared the effect of two different genotyping strategies: first, to phenotype cows but to genotype their sires only, and second, to collect phenotypes and genotypes on the same cows. We studied the effects on validation reliabilities and unbiasedness of predicted values for selection candidates. We found that by extending the reference set with genotyped daughters it is possible to increase the validation reliability of genomic breeding values. In the case of a new trait, it is always better to collect and use genotypes and phenotypes on the same animals instead of using only sire genotypes. We found that the benefits that can be achieved are sensitive to the sampling strategy used when selecting females for genotyping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-292
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Animal Breeding and Genetics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • bias
  • genomic selection
  • genotyping cows
  • new traits
  • reference set
  • reliability


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