Genetic screening of Lactobacillus sakei and Lactobacillus curvatus strains for their peptidolytic system and amino acid metabolism, and comparison of their volatilomes in a model system

Simone Freiding, K. Amelie Gutsche, Matthias A. Ehrmann, Rudi F. Vogel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

A total of 51 Lactobacillus sakei and 28 Lactobacillus curvatus strains from different origins were screened for their potential to produce biogenic amines (BAs), and for their diversity of peptidolytic systems and specific aminotransferases (AraT, BcaT) that initiate amino acid conversion to volatiles relevant for aroma formation in meat products. The profiles of volatiles formed (volatilomes) were analysed in the headspace of fermentations by solid phase microextraction followed by GC-MS analysis. Tyramine-forming potential was detected only within L. curvatus and was strain-dependent. Histamine decarboxylase (HDC) activity could only be detected in one L. sakei strain, previously described as histidine decarboxylase positive (HDC+). Peptide transporters and peptidases were nearly ubiquitous in L. sakei and only a few strains lacked single peptidases. In L. curvatus, differences were detected in the occurrence of peptidase genes detected with PCR primers derived from L. sakei. All strains lacked known aminotransferases specific for branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and aromatic amino acids (ACAAs). Although L. sakei is suggested as a genetically very heterogenous species, and relatedness between L. curvatus and L. sakei at the genomic level is rather low, they appeared to be nearly uniform in the genes forming the peptidolytic system. The volatilomes of L. sakei and L. curvatus strains were qualitatively nearly identical. However, slight differences in the formation of single volatile compounds and the interaction with staphylococci may impact upon sausage fermentation which occurs over a period of many weeks. Among the compounds expected to contribute to the aroma were dimethyldisulphide, 3-methyl-1-butanol, acetic acid, 1-butanol and butanoic acid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-320
Number of pages10
JournalSystematic and Applied Microbiology
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Aminotransferase
  • Biogenic amine
  • Fermented sausage
  • Flavour
  • Lactobacillus curvatus
  • Lactobacillus sakei
  • Peptidolytic system
  • Volatile formation

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