General anxiety of adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease is comparable with that in healthy controls

Jan Müller, John Hess, Alfred Hager

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to compare situational and trait anxiety levels in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) with that in healthy controls and to investigate their correlation to the perceived health status. Patients and methods: From November 2007 to December 2009 in total 879 patients (405 female, 15-71 years) with various CHD and 40 healthy controls completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) to assess state and trait anxiety, the depression scaling instrument CES-D, and the health-related quality of life questionnaire SF-36. Results: In patients with CHD no increased anxiety as a trait could be found (Mann-Whitney Utest, p =.186). Only situational anxiety in the setting of an outpatient department in a tertiary center was increased compared to healthy controls (Mann-Whitney U test, p =.004). Anxiety was closely related to depression and to all of the nine SF-36 dimensions (r = -.149 to r = -.745, p <.001). Conclusions: In general, patients with CHD show a rather normal anxiety pattern compared to healthy controls. These symptoms of anxiety were strongly correlated with the perceived health status. Only situational anxiety levels at the hospital are increased and still remain an important challenge for doctors and psychologists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-145
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume165
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Apr 2013

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Exercise capacity
  • Quality of life

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