Functionality of mc88-and mpc85-enriched skim milk: Impact of shear conditions in rotor/stator systems and high-pressure homogenizers on powder solubility and rennet gelation behavior

Malou Warncke, Ulrich Kulozik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Milk protein concentrate (MPC) and micellar casein (MC) powders are commonly used to increase the protein concentration of cheese milk. However, highly-concentrated milk protein powders are challenging in terms of solubility. The research question was whether and how incom-pletely dissolved agglomerates affect the protein functionality in terms of rennet gelation behavior. For the experiments, skim milk was enriched with either MC88 or MPC85 to a casein concentration of 4.5% (w/w) and sheared on a laboratory and pilot scale in rotor/stator systems (colloid mill and shear pump, respectively) and high-pressure homogenizers. The assessment criteria were on the one hand particle sizes as a function of shear rate, and on the other hand, the rennet gelation properties meaning gelling time, gel strength, structure loss upon deformation, and serum loss. Furthermore, the casein, whey protein, and casein macropeptide (CMP) recovery in the sweet whey was determined to evaluate the shear-, and hence, the particle size-dependent protein accessibility. We showed that insufficient powder rehydration prolongs the rennet gelation time, leading to softer, weaker gels, and to lower amounts of CMP and whey protein in the sweet whey.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1361
JournalFoods
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Cheese manufacture
  • Dissolution
  • Milk protein powders
  • Particle size
  • Powder aggregates
  • Protein accessibility
  • Rehydration
  • Shear rate
  • Upscaling

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