Functional Mitral Valve Regurgitation: Mitral Valve Repair or Replacement? Our “Road Map” for the Appropriate Strategy

Konstantinos Sideris, Melchior Burri, Antonia Mayr, Stephanie Voss, Keti Vitanova, Anatol Prinzing, Bernhard Voss, Andrea Amabile, Arnar Geirsson, Markus Krane, Ralf Guenzinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The optimal surgical approach for the treatment of functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) remains controversial. Current guidelines suggest that the surgical approach has to be tailored to the individual patient. The aim of the present study was to clarify further aspects of this tailored treatment. Methods: From 01/2006 to 12/2015, 390 patients underwent mitral valve (MV) surgery for FMR (ischemic n = 241, non-ischemic n = 149) at our institution. A regression analysis was used to determine the effect of MV repair or replacement on survival. The patients were analyzed according to the etiology of the MR (ischemic or non-ischemic), different age groups (<65 years, 65–75 years, and >75 years), LV function, and LV dimensions, as well as the underlying heart rhythm. Results: The overall survival rates for the repair group at 1, 5, and 8 years were 86.1 ± 1.9%, 70.6 ± 2.6%, and 55.1 ± 3.1%, respectively. For the same intervals, the survival rates in patients who underwent MV replacement were 75.9 ± 4.5%, 58.6 ± 5.4%, and 40.9 ± 6.4%, respectively (p = 0.003). Patients younger than 65 years, with an ischemic etiology of FMR, poor ejection fraction (<30%), severe dilatation of left ventricle (LVEDD > 60mm), and presence of atrial fibrillation had significantly higher mortality rates after MV replacement (HR, 3.0; CI, 1.3–6.9; p = 0.007). Patients between 65 and 75 years of age had a higher risk of death when undergoing mitral valve replacement (HR, 1.7; CI, 1.0–2.8; p = 0.04). In patients older than 75 years, the surgical approach (MV repair or replacement) had no effect on postoperative survival (HR, 0.8; CI, 0.4–1.3; p = 0.003). Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that, in patients younger than 65 years, the treatment of choice for FMR should be MV repair. This advantage was even more evident in patients with an ischemic origin of MR, a poor ejection fraction, a severe LV dilatation, and atrial fibrillation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3264
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 2024


  • functional mitral regurgitation
  • mitral valve repair
  • mitral valve replacement


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