Functional activity and expression of the myocardial postreceptor adenylyl cyclase system in pressure overload hypertrophy in rat

Stephan R. Holmer, Günter Bruckschlegel, Heribert Schunkert, Doris B. Rataj, Eckhard P. Kromer, Günter A.J. Riegger

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the functional regulation of the myocardial postreceptor adenylyl cyclase (AC) system in compensated left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and the effect of long-term angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition. Methods: Pressure overload LVH was induced in rats by supravalvular aortic banding for 12 weeks. At 12 weeks left ventricular function and inner diameters were analyzed by echocardiography of anesthetized animals, and responsiveness to forskolin (systolic developed pressure) was determined in isolated perfused hearts. Functional activities of AC and the stimulatory G protein G(s) were measured as well as mRNA expression (quantitative slot blot analyses) of AC type V, isoforms of G(sα) and G(iα)2. G protein α-subunits were also quantified by immunoblotting. Rats were treated with ramipril (Ram, 10 mg/kg per day p.o.) during weeks 7 to 12 to induce regression of LVH or with vehicle (Veh, tap water). Results: Pressure overload induced severe LVH (3.2 ± 0.09 g/kg in Veh vs. 1.8 ± 0.03 in sham; P < 0.05) which was significantly reduced by ramipril (2.7 ± 0.09; P < 0.05 vs. Veh). In-vivo left ventricular function and diameters were unchanged in LVH. In contrast, in hearts with LVH, responsiveness of left ventricles to forskolin was attenuated and basal, GTPγS and forskolin as well as manganese chloride-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity was significantly downregulated by approximately 40% (basal 20.8 ± 1.9 pmol cAMP/mg per min vs. 34.0 ± 2.2 in sham; P < 0.01). However, no significant changes of AC type V mRNA were found in hypertrophied left ventricles. Functional activity of the stimulatory G protein G(s) was reduced in LVH (48 ± 7 pmol cAMP/mg per min in Veh vs. 68 ± 3 in sham), whereas mRNA expression of long and short G(sα)-isoforms was not altered and that of G(iα)2 was only slightly increased in ramipril-treated animals. Western analysis showed no significant differences of G(sα) or G(iα)2 subunits. Long-term blockade of the renin-angiotensin system had no effect on the activity of the adenylyl cyclase system. Conclusions: Functional desensitization of adenylyl cyclase and stimulatory G protein occurred in rat adaptive LVH prior to the onset of severe left ventricular dysfunction which was not restored by ACE-inhibitor treatment. The desensitization seems not to be mediated by significant changes of mRNA expression of AC type V or abundance of regulatory G proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)719-728
Number of pages10
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ACE inhibitors
  • Adenylyl cyclase
  • Contractile function
  • G proteins
  • Gene expression
  • Hypertrophy
  • RAAS
  • Rat
  • Rat, ventricle

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