Fetal growth restriction in a cohort of migrants in Germany

Juliane Ankert, Tanja Groten, Mathias W. Pletz, Sasmita Mishra, Gregor Seliger, Silvia M. Lobmaier, Clarissa Prazeres da Costa, Vera Seidel, Katharina von Weizsäcker, Alexandra Jablonka, Christian Dopfer, Benjamin T. Schleenvoigt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Migrant women may have an increased risk of adverse birth outcomes. This study analyses the occurrence of low birth weight, preterm birth and intrauterine growth restriction / fetal growth restriction (IUGR/FGR) in pregnant migrants. Method: Cross-sectional study of 82 mother-child pairs of pregnant migrants attending medical care in Germany. Results: The Median age was 27 years, 49% of patients were of oriental-asian ethnicity and median year of migration was 2015. At least one previous pregnancy was reported in 76% of patients, in 40% the delivery mode was caesarian section. Median gestational age was 39.7 weeks. Preterm birth occurred in 6.1% of pregnancies. Median gestational age for preterm birth was 32.3 weeks. Low birth weight (< 2500 g) occurred in 6.1%. Birth weights below the 10th percentile of birth weight for gestational age were observed in 8.5% of the total cohort. Conclusions: Compared to German data no increased occurrence of low birth weight, preterm birth or IUGR/FGR was found. We note that the rate of caesarian section births was higher than in the general population for reasons yet to be identified. The authors propose stratification according to migration status for the national documentation of birth outcomes in Germany.

Original languageEnglish
Article number145
JournalBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • FGR
  • fetal growth restriction

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