Fast yet predictable braking manoeuvers for real-time robot control

Mazin Hamad, Jesus Gutierrez-Moreno, Hugo T.M. Kussaba, Nico Mansfeld, Saeed Abdolshah, Abdalla Swikir, Wolfram Burgard, Sami Haddadin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


This paper proposes a framework for generating fast, smooth and predictable braking manoeuvers for a controlled robot. The proposed framework integrates two approaches to obtain feasible modal limits for designing braking trajectories. The first approach is real-time capable but conservative considering the usage of the available feasible actuator control region, resulting in longer braking times. In contrast, the second approach maximizes the used braking control inputs at the cost of requiring more time to evaluate larger, feasible modal limits via optimization. Both approaches allow for predicting the robot's stopping trajectory online. In addition, we also formulated and solved a constrained, nonlinear final-time minimization problem to find optimal torque inputs. The optimal solutions were used as a benchmark to evaluate the performance of the proposed predictable braking framework. A comparative study was compiled in simulation versus a classical optimal controller on a 7-DoF robot arm with only three moving joints. The results verified the effectiveness of our proposed framework and its integrated approaches in achieving fast robot braking manoeuvers with accurate online predictions of the stopping trajectories and distances under various braking settings.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIFAC-PapersOnLine
EditorsHideaki Ishii, Yoshio Ebihara, Jun-ichi Imura, Masaki Yamakita
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781713872344
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2023
Event22nd IFAC World Congress - Yokohama, Japan
Duration: 9 Jul 202314 Jul 2023

Publication series

ISSN (Electronic)2405-8963


Conference22nd IFAC World Congress


  • Controlled stop
  • braking manoeuvers
  • optimal control
  • stopping trajectory prediction


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