Fabrication of Gold/Titania Photocatalyst for CO2 Reduction Based on Pyrolytic Conversion of the Metal-Organic Framework NH2-MIL-125(Ti) Loaded with Gold Nanoparticles

Kira Khaletskaya, Anna Pougin, Raghavender Medishetty, Christoph Rösler, Christian Wiktor, Jennifer Strunk, Roland A. Fischer

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Abstract

Titania exhibits unique photophysical and -chemical properties and can be used for potential applications in the field of photocatalysis. The control of TiO2 in terms of phase, shape, morphology, and especially nanoscale synthesis of TiO2 particles still remains a challenge. Ti-containing metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), such as MIL-125, can be used as sacrificial precursors to obtain TiO2 materials with diverse phase compositions, morphologies, sizes, and surface areas. MIL-125 is composed of Ti/O clusters as the secondary building units (SBUs) bridged by 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate (bdc). In this study, preformed and surfactant-stabilized gold nanoparticles (GNPs) were deposited onto the surface of amino functionalized NH2-MIL-125 during solvothermal synthesis. Targeted gold/titania nanocomposites, GNP/TiO2, were fabricated through the pyrolysis of GNP/NH2-MIL-125 nanocrystals. The modification of TiO2 with GNPs significantly increased the photocatalytic activity of the MOF derived TiO2 material for the reduction of CO2 to CH4 as compared to TiO2 reference samples such as P-25 and AUROlite (Au/TiO2). The new materials GNP/TiO2 and TiO2 derived by the MOF precursor route were thoroughly characterized by PXRD, FTIR and Raman, TEM, and N2 adsorption studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7248-7257
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume27
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

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