## Abstract

We study the existence and long-Time asymptotics of weak solutions to a system of two nonlinear drift-diffusion equations that has a gradient flow structure in the Wasserstein distance. The two equations are coupled through a cross-diffusion term that is scaled by a parameter \varepsilon \geq 0. The nonlinearities and potentials are chosen such that in the decoupled system for \varepsilon = 0, the evolution is metrically contractive, with a global rate \Lambda < 0\Lambda < 0. The coupling is a singular perturbation in the sense that for any \varepsilon < 0, contractivity of the system is lost. Our main result is that for all sufficiently small \varepsilon < 0, the global attraction to a unique steady state persists, with an exponential rate \Lambda \varepsilon = \Lambda K\varepsilon for some k < 0. The proof combines results from the theory of metric gradient flows with further variational methods and functional inequalities.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1766-1809 |

Number of pages | 44 |

Journal | SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis |

Volume | 53 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2023 |

## Keywords

- Wasserstein gradient flow
- drift diffusion system
- exponential convergence
- long time asymptotics