Exploring the potential of MnX (S, Sb) monolayers for antiferromagnetic spintronics: A theoretical investigation

Yusuf Zuntu Abdullahi, Fatih Ersan, Zeynep Demir Vatansever, Ethem Aktürk, Olcay Üzengi Aktürk

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, we predicted new two-dimensional tetragonal structures of t- M n 2 X 2 (X = S, Sb) sheets on the basis of first-principles plane wave calculations within density functional theory with Hubbard U model. Stability tests such as phonon spectrum calculation and molecular dynamic simulations reveal that the 2D t- M n 2 X 2 structures are dynamically and thermally stable at least in room temperature. Our theoretical calculations have shown that t- M n 2 X 2 structures have two Raman active and seven infrared active modes. The t- M n 2 S b 2 sheet exhibits metallic property, whereas t- M n 2 S 2 shows semiconducting property with a 0.68 eV indirect bandgap. Exploring of the favorable magnetic orientation calculations revealed that both 2D t- M n 2 X 2 structures prefer antiferromagnetic spin configuration. Estimated critical temperatures for the phase transition from antiferromagnetic spin order to paramagnetic case are 720 K and 545 K for t- M n 2 S 2 and t- M n 2 S b 2, respectively. These relatively high Néel temperatures and their suitable electronic properties for many applications clearly qualify that the 2D t- M n 2 X 2 sheets can be a good candidate for room temperature antiferromagnetic device applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113903
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume128
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

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