Exploring the adsorption mechanisms of neurotransmitter and amino acid on Ti3C2-MXene monolayer: Insights from DFT calculations

Ilkay Ozdemir, Handan Arkin, Milorad V. Milošević, Johannes V. Barth, Ethem Aktürk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, we conducted a systematic density functional theory (DFT) investigation of the interaction between Ti3C2-MXene monolayer and biological molecules dopamine (DA) and serine (Ser) as neurotransmitter and amino acid, respectively. Our calculations show good agreement with previous literature findings for the optimized Ti3C2 monolayer. We found that DA and Ser molecules bind to the Ti3C2 surface with adsorption energies of -2.244 eV and -3.960 eV, respectively. The adsorption of Ser resulted in the dissociation of one H atom. Electronic density of states analyses revealed little changes in the electronic properties of the Ti3C2-MXene monolayer upon adsorption of the biomolecules. We further investigated the interaction of DA and Ser with Ti3C2 monolayers featuring surface-termination with OH functional group, and Ti-vacancy. Our calculations indicate that the adsorption energies significantly decrease in the presence of surface termination, with adsorption energies of -0.097 eV and -0.330 eV for DA and Ser, respectively. Adsorption energies on the Ti-vacancy surface, on the other hand, are calculated to be -3.584 eV and -3.856 eV for DA and Ser, respectively. Our results provide insights into the adsorption behavior of biological molecules on Ti3C2-MXene, demonstrating the potential of this material for biosensing and other biomedical applications. These findings highlight the importance of surface modifications in the development of functional materials and devices based on Ti3C2-MXene, and pave the way for future investigations into the use of 2D materials for biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104169
JournalSurfaces and Interfaces
Volume46
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • 2D materials
  • Biomedical applications
  • Biosensing
  • Density functional theory (DFT)
  • Dopamine
  • MXene
  • Serine

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