Experimental validation of momentum transport theory in the core of H-mode plasmas in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak

ASDEX Upgrade Team

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Abstract

This study employs the established momentum transport analysis at ASDEX Upgrade [Zimmermann et al., Nucl. Fusion 63, 124003 (2023)] to investigate the parametric variations of the momentum transport coefficients in the core of H-mode plasmas. These experimental results are compared to a comprehensive database of gyrokinetic calculations. Generally, good agreement between predicted and measured diffusive and convective transport coefficients is found. The predicted and measured Prandtl numbers correlate most dominantly with the magnetically trapped particle fraction. The experimentally inferred pinch numbers strongly depend on the logarithmic density gradient and magnetic shear, consistent with the theoretical predictions of the Coriolis pinch. The intrinsic torque from residual stress in the inner core is small, scales with the local logarithmic density gradient, and the data indicate a possible sign reversal. In the outer periphery of the core, the intrinsic torque is always co-current-directed and scales with the pressure gradient. This is consistent with prior experimental findings and global, non-linear gyrokinetic predictions. It suggests that profile shearing effects generate the intrinsic torque in the inner core. Toward the outer core, most likely, effects from E × B -shearing become more influential. These results offer the first comprehensive picture of this transport channel in the core plasma and contribute to validating the corresponding theoretical understanding. The derived scaling laws are used to construct a reduced momentum transport model, which has been validated against an additional dataset. This demonstrates that the model captures the essential contributions to momentum transport in the core of H-mode plasmas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042306
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2024

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