Experimental study of the impedance behavior of 18650 lithium-ion battery cells under deforming mechanical abuse

Markus Spielbauer, Philipp Berg, Michael Ringat, Oliver Bohlen, Andreas Jossen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Due to rising safety requirements for lithium-ion batteries, the detection of mechanical failure of such batteries is becoming increasingly important. As publications investigating electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) of lithium-ion battery cells under deforming mechanical abuse as a potential damage detection method are sparse, this work presents tests with stepwise loading of 18,650 lithium-ion battery cells with various impactors (nails, cylindric, hemispheric) and simultaneous EIS measurements to search for indicators which could be used to anticipate hazardous events. The occurrence of different damage mechanisms of the jelly roll is evaluated via computed tomography (µ-CT) and correlated to the measured changes in EIS. For internal short circuits (ISCs) without instantaneous thermal runaway, the results show a decrease of ohmic resistance in the EIS for high measurement frequencies, which is possibly linked to temperature increase, while low frequencies indicate deviations from stationarity or linearity requirements. In the case of large area compression, the EIS measurements display an increase of ohmic resistance, which may be connected to various mechanisms, such as the decrease of porosity of the separator and the active materials or delamination.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101039
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
StatePublished - Dec 2019


  • 18650 Lithium-ion battery
  • Damage detection
  • Deformation
  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • Internal short circuit
  • Mechanical abuse test


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