Experimental feasibility of spectral photon-counting computed tomography with two contrast agents for the detection of endoleaks following endovascular aortic repair

Julia Dangelmaier, Daniel Bar-Ness, Heiner Daerr, Daniela Muenzel, Salim Si-Mohamed, Sebastian Ehn, Alexander A. Fingerle, Melanie A. Kimm, Felix K. Kopp, Loic Boussel, Ewald Roessl, Franz Pfeiffer, Ernst J. Rummeny, Roland Proksa, Philippe Douek, Peter B. Noël

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: After endovascular aortic repair (EVAR), discrimination of endoleaks and intra-aneurysmatic calcifications within the aneurysm often requires multiphase computed tomography (CT). Spectral photon-counting CT (SPCCT) in combination with a two-contrast agent injection protocol may provide reliable detection of endoleaks with a single CT acquisition. Methods: To evaluate the feasibility of SPCCT, the stent-lined compartment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm phantom was filled with a mixture of iodine and gadolinium mimicking enhanced blood. To represent endoleaks of different flow rates, the adjacent compartments contained either one of the contrast agents or calcium chloride to mimic intra-aneurysmatic calcifications. After data acquisition with a SPCCT prototype scanner with multi-energy bins, material decomposition was performed to generate iodine, gadolinium and calcium maps. Results: In a conventional CT slice, Hounsfield units (HU) of the compartments were similar ranging from 147 to 168 HU. Material-specific maps differentiate the distributions within the compartments filled with iodine, gadolinium or calcium. Conclusion: SPCCT may replace multiphase CT to detect endoleaks without sacrificing diagnostic accuracy. It is a unique feature of our method to capture endoleak dynamics and allow reliable distinction from intra-aneurysmatic calcifications in a single scan, thereby enabling a significant reduction of radiation exposure. Key Points: • SPCCT might enable advanced endoleak detection. • Material maps derived from SPCCT can differentiate iodine, gadolinium and calcium. • SPCCT may potentially reduce radiation burden for EVAR patients under post-interventional surveillance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3318-3325
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume28
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Endoleak
  • Gadolinium
  • Iodine
  • Photon counting

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