Expedient syntheses of the N-heterocyclic carbene precursor imidazolium salts IPr·HCl, IMes·HCl and IXy·HCl

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Abstract

The 1,3-diaryl-imidazolium chlorides IPr·HCl (aryl = 2,6-diisopropylphenyl), IMes·HCl (aryl = 2,4,6-trimethylphenyl) and IXy·HCl (aryl = 2,6-dimethylphenyl), precursors to widely used N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands and catalysts, were prepared in high yields (81%, 69% and 89%, respectively) by the reaction of 1,4-diaryl-1, 4-diazabutadienes, paraformaldehyde and chlorotrimethylsilane in dilute ethyl acetate solution. A reaction mechanism involving a 1,5-dipolar electrocyclization is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22
JournalBeilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

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