Evidence of peripheral blood-derived, plastic-adherent CD34 (- /low)hematopoietic stem cell clones with mesenchymal stem cell characteristics

Ralf Huss, Claudia Lange, Eva M. Weissinger, Hans Jochem Kolb, Karin Thalmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations

Abstract

The hematopoietic system of vertebrates can be completely reconstituted with hematopoietic stem cells derived from the bone marrow, fetal liver, or cord blood, or even from peripheral-blood-derived cells. A cellular marker to identify those cells is the proteoglycan CD34, although we have shown that the earliest identifiable hematopoietic stem cell is a CD34- fibroblast-like cell which can differentiate into CD34+ hematopoietic precursors. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from the heparinized blood of a dog and incubated in tissue culture in the presence of interleukin 6. After 10-14 days, an adherent layer of fibroblast-like cells had developed and cells were immortalized using the SV-40 large T antigen. Cells were cloned and subcloned by measures of limiting dilution, and various fibroblast-like clones were established. These fibroblast-like cells either do not express the CD34 antigen or express CD34 on a low level, although transcribing CD34. The CD34(-/low) cells express osteocalcin as a mesenchymal cell marker. The fibroblast-like cells eventually differentiate spontaneously in vitro into CD34+ precursors and show colony formation. Prior to autologous stem cell transplantation, one clone of choice (IIIG7) was transfected with a retroviral construct containing the green-fluorescence protein (GFP). The recipient dog was totally irradiated with 300 cGy and received a stem cell transplant with GFP-containing, immortalized, fibroblast-like monoclonal autologous stem cells (0.5 x 108/kg dog). No additional growth factors were applied. The peripheral blood counts recovered after 23 days (WBC >500; platelets >10,000). A peripheral blood smear showed some dim but definite, although timely, limited expression of the GFP protein in nucleated peripheral blood cells just five weeks after transplantation. A bone marrow biopsy showed GFP-positive cells in the marrow cavity predominantly as 'bone- lining cells'.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-260
Number of pages9
JournalStem Cells
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CD34
  • Fibroblast-like canine cells
  • Hematopoiesis
  • Mesenchymal stem cell

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