Evidence for differences in the mechanisms by which antibodies against CD44 promote adhesion of erythroid and granulopoietic progenitors to marrow stromal cells

Robert A.J. Oostendorp, Elisabeth Spitzer, Martina Brandl, Connie J. Eaves, Peter Dörmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adhesive interactions between haemopoietic progenitor cells and stromal elements involve a number of different molecules, some of which may be progenitor-lineage- and stage-specific. CD44 is one such molecule, although little is known about the mechanism(s) by which it is involved. In this study, several anti-CD44 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) increased the adherence of clonogenic cells, without affecting the total number of types of progenitors recoverable from the adhesion cultures. All of these mAb recognized epitopes on the globular head of CD44. In contrast, two mAb that recognized other regions of CD44 reduced progenitor adhesion to stroma. The mechanism by which one of the anti-CD44 mAb (L178) enhanced progenitor adhesion did not involve CD44-crosslinking, and was independent of VLA-4-, VLA-5- or LFA-1-mediated interactions, Ca or Mg cations, or accessory cells. In addition, CD44 expression on both progenitors and stromal cells contributed to L178-enhanced progenitor adhesion. Baseline adherence of erythroid progenitors to stroma required tyrosine kinase activity, whereas that of granulopoietic progenitors did not. However, the increase in adhesion did require tyrosine kinase activation. Additional experiments suggested that enhanced adhesion of CFU-GM to stroma may also be adenylate cyclase- dependent. Taken together, the present studies indicate both similarities and differences in the mechanisms of CD44-mediated adhesion of erythroid and granulopoietic progenitors to stromal cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-445
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume101
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • CD44
  • Haemopoiesis
  • Progenitors
  • Stroma

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