Evaluation of the sensitivity and specificity of a novel line immunoassay for the detection of criteria and non-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies in comparison to established ELISAs

Markus A. Thaler, Andreas Bietenbeck, Udo Steigerwald, Thomas Büttner, Peter Schierack, Edelgard Lindhoff-Last, Dirk Roggenbuck, Peter B. Luppa

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) constitute the serological hallmark of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Recently, various new assay technologies for the detection of aPL better suited to multiplex reaction environments than ELISAs emerged. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of such a novel line immunoassay (LIA) for the simultaneous detection of 10 different aPL. Methods Fifty-three APS patients and 34 healthy controls were investigated for criteria (antibodies against cardiolipin [aCL], β2-glycoprotein I [aβ2-GPI]) and non-criteria aPL (antibodies against phosphatidic acid [aPA], phosphatidyl-choline [aPC], -ethanolamine [aPE], -glycerol [aPG], -inositol [aPI], -serine [aPS], annexin V [aAnnV], prothrombin [aPT]) IgG and IgM by LIA. Criteria aPL were additionally determined with the established Alegria (ALE), AcuStar (ACU), UniCap (UNI), and AESKULISA (AES) systems and non-criteria aPL with the AES system. Diagnostic performance was evaluated with a gold standard for criteria aPL derived from the results of the four established assays via latent class analysis and with the clinical diagnosis as gold standard for non-criteria aPL. Results Assay performance of the LIA for criteria aPL was comparable to that of ALE, ACU, UNI, and AES. For non-criteria aPL, sensitivities of the LIA for aPA-, aPI-, aPS-IgG and aPA-IgM were significantly higher and for aPC-, aPE-, aAnnV-IgG and aPC- and aPE-IgM significantly lower than AES. Specificities did not differ significantly. Conclusions The LIA constitutes a valuable diagnostic tool for aPL profiling. It offers increased sensitivity for the detection of aPL against anionic phospholipids. In contrast, ELISAs exhibit strengths for the sensitive detection of aPL against neutral phospholipids.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0220033
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2019

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