Evaluation of the metabotype concept after intervention with oral glucose tolerance test and dietary fiber-enriched food: An enable study

Chetana Dahal, Nina Wawro, Christa Meisinger, Beate Brandl, Thomas Skurk, Dorothee Volkert, Hans Hauner, Jakob Linseisen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and aims: Evidence suggests that people react differently to the same diet due to inter-individual differences. However, few studies have investigated variation in response to dietary interventions based on individuals' baseline metabolic characteristics. This study aims to examine the differential reaction of metabotype subgroups to an OGTT and a dietary fiber intervention. Methods and results: We assigned 356 healthy participants of an OGTT sub-study and a 12-week dietary fiber intervention sub-study within the enable cluster to three metabotype subgroups previously identified in the KORA F4 study population. To explore the association between plasma glucose level and metabotype subgroups, we used linear mixed models adjusted for age, sex, and physical activity. Individuals in different metabotype subgroups showed differential responses to OGTT. Compared to the healthy metabotype (metabotype 1), participants in intermediate metabotype (metabotype 2) and unfavorable metabotype (metabotype 3) had significantly higher plasma glucose concentrations at 120 min after glucose bolus (β = 7.881, p = 0.005; β = 32.79, p < 0.001, respectively). Additionally, the linear regression model showed that the Area under the curve (AUC) of plasma glucose concentrations was significantly different across the metabotype subgroups. The associations between metabotype subgroups and metabolic parameters among fiber intervention participants remained insignificant in the multivariate-adjusted linear model. However, the metabotype 3 had the highest mean reduction in insulin, cholesterol parameters (TC, LDLc, and non-HDLc), and systolic and diastolic blood pressure at the end of the intervention period. Conclusion: This study supports the use of the metabotype concept to identify metabolically similar subgroups and to develop targeted dietary interventions at the metabotype subgroup level for the primary prevention of diet-related diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2399-2409
Number of pages11
JournalNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Dietary fiber
  • Intervention study
  • Metabotype
  • OGTT

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