Erosion and migration of tungsten employed at the main chamber first wall of ASDEX Upgrade

K. Krieger, A. Geier, X. Gong, H. Maier, R. Neu, V. Rohde

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


In ASDEX Upgrade, tungsten is employed as plasma facing material at the central column of the plasma main chamber. The campaign averaged tungsten erosion flux was determined by measuring the difference of the W-layer thickness before and after experimental campaigns using ion beam analysis methods. The lateral variations of the observed tungsten erosion flux reflects the pattern of magnetic field lines intersecting the respective plasma facing surfaces. Long term migration and redeposition of eroded tungsten were investigated by ion beam analysis of deposited tungsten on wall samples from main chamber and divertor. The obtained results, as well as the spectroscopically observed low tungsten plasma penetration probability, indicate that a major fraction of the eroded tungsten migrates predominantly through direct transport channels in the outer plasma scrape-off layer without entering the confined plasma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-332
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Issue numberSUPPL.
StatePublished - Mar 2003
Externally publishedYes
EventPlasma - Surface Interactions in Controlled Fusion Devices - Gifu, Japan
Duration: 26 May 200231 May 2002


  • Erosion
  • Impurity transport
  • Plasma facing material
  • Redeposition
  • Tokamak
  • Tungsten


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