Enrichment of selected serum fatty acids after a small oral dosage of (1‐13C)‐ and (8‐13C)triolein in human volunteers analysed by gas chromatography/combustion isotope ratio mass spectrometry

Cornelia C. Metges, K. Kempe, G. Wolfram

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Abstract

In this study the fate of 100 mg orally administered (1‐13C)‐ and (8‐13C)triolein was traced in the serum lipids of four healthy human subjects. After an overnight fast the subjects consumed hourly meals of a liquid formula diet over 12 h. Ninety minutes after the first meal in the first study (1‐13C)triolein was given and in the repeat study the same subject received (8‐13C)triolein. Triacylglycerol (TG), phospholipid (PL) and cholesterol ester (CE) were isolated from serum sampled prior to and in intervals after isotope administration. Fatty acid composition of serum lipids was measured using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. 13C enrichment in palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acids of these fractions was determined by gas chromatography/isotope ratio mass spectrometry. With (8‐13C)triolein a significantly higher enrichment (peak +17.1 ± 14.3% δ13C) was found in the oleic acid of TG fraction than with (1‐13C)triolein (peak −7.1 ± 4.2%), which may be due to a faster elimination of (1‐13C)oleic acid from serum TG. 13C enrichments in the other fatty acids of the TG fraction as well as of PL and CE fractions were in the range of natural 13C abundance (−25 to −32%).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-301
Number of pages7
JournalBiological Mass Spectrometry
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1994

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