Enhanced surrogate modelling of heat conduction problems using physics-informed neural network framework

Seyedalborz Manavi, Thomas Becker, Ehsan Fattahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Solving partial differential equations (PDEs) using deep-learning techniques provides opportunities for surrogate models that require no labelled data, e.g., CFD results, from the domain interior other than the boundary and initial conditions. We propose a new ansatz of the solution incorporated with a physics-informed neural network (PINN) for solving PDEs to impose the boundary conditions (BCs) with hard constraints. This ansatz comprises three subnetworks: a boundary function, a distance function, and a deep neural network (DNN). The new model performance is assessed thoroughly in terms of convergence speed and accuracy. To this end, we apply the PINN models to conduction heat transfer problems with different geometries and BCs. The results of 1D, 2D and 3D problems are compared with conventional numerical methods and analytical results. The results reveal that the neural networks (NNs) model with the proposed ansatz outperforms counterpart PINN models in the literature and leads to faster convergence with better accuracy, especially for higher dimensions, i.e., three-dimensional case studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106662
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • Hard constraint
  • Hybrid enforcement
  • Irregular geometries
  • Machine learning
  • Thermal simulation


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